Allium textile A.Nelson & J.F.Macbr.
Allium textile belongs to the group of bulbous and tuberous plants.
Allium textile was described by Aven Nelson and James Francis Macbride in 1913. The name is considered as validly published.
Allium textile is a species in the genus Allium which contains approximately 943 to 1011 species and belongs to the family of the Alliaceae (Garlic Family). The type species of the genus is Allium sativum.
The plants reach heights of 15 to 30 centimetres and are comparatively fast-growing and short-lived. They have a erect habit and produce a single stem and spread slowly. The main growing season is in spring.
Allium textile is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are basal. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation. The foliage is porous.
Flowers and Fruits
Allium textile produces umbels of showy white flowers from April to May.
From spring to summer the plants produce only few brown loculicidal capsules that are both edible and very ornamental.
The plants prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay and comparatively poor with a pH between 6 and 8. The plants need a soil depth of at least 20 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -29Â°C (USDA zone 5) and need a frost-free period of at least 17 weeks.
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- none: anaerobic soil
- low: soil salinity
- medium: calcareous soil
- high: drought
The recommended planting distance is 60 to 90 centimetres.
Maintenance and Propagation
Propagate by bulblets or by sowing.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.