Albizia julibrissin Durazz.
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Albizia julibrissin is a tree that is a popular ornamental plant at the Mediterranean.
Albizia julibrissin was described by Antonio Durazzini. The name is considered as validly published.
The trees are comparatively fast-growing and short-lived. They reach heights of 5,5 to 6 metres and have a rounded to broadly spreading canopy The main growing season is in spring and summer. The plants reach a width of 4 to 5 metres.
Wood and Bark
Albizia julibrissin is deciduous. The yellow-green, paripinnate leaves are alternate. The leaflets are falcate and have entire margins. The foliage is porous.
Flowers and Fruits
Albizia julibrissin produces cluster of showy dusky pink flowers from August to September. The plants are hermaphroditic.
From summer to autumn the trees produce an abundance of ornamental brown legumes that are persistent on the plant.
Albizia julibrissin is native to Iran, Pakistan, the Himalaya, Central China and Japan and is naturalized in the Southeast of the US.
The trees prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy, sandy clay, loamy clay or peaty and comparatively poor with a pH between 4,8 and 7,3. The plants need a soil depth of at least 76 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -12Â°C (USDA zone 8) and need a frost-free period of at least 29 weeks.
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- low: soil salinity, anaerobic soil
- medium: drought
- high: calcareous soil
The ornamental value of Albizia julibrissin lies especially in the ornamental leaves. Suited as avenue tree.
Maintenance and Propagation
The plants can be considered rather high-maintenance.
Propagate by sowing.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.