Albizia julibrissin

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Albizia julibrissin Durazz.

Fabaceae

Life form: tree
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun   8

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay - Soil: loamy clay - Soil: peat

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: falcate

Division: paripinnate

Shape: not specified
Fruit: legume

48D / ff8591 

Inflorescence: cluster

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Canopy: rounded to broadly spreading

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Fabanae
Ordo:
Fabales
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Albizia julibrissin is a tree that is a popular ornamental plant at the Mediterranean.

Naming

Albizia julibrissin was described by Antonio Durazzini. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Albizia julibrissin is the type species of the genus Albizia which contains approximately 150 to 205 species and belongs to the family of the Fabaceae (Legume Family).

Characteristics

Albizia julibrissin - leaves
Albizia julibrissin - buds
Albizia julibrissin - flowers

Growth

The trees are comparatively fast-growing and short-lived. They reach heights of 5,5 to 6 metres and have a rounded to broadly spreading canopy The main growing season is in spring and summer. The plants reach a width of 4 to 5 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Albizia julibrissin is deciduous. The yellow-green, paripinnate leaves are alternate. The leaflets are falcate and have entire margins. The foliage is porous.

Flowers and Fruits

Albizia julibrissin produces cluster of showy dusky pink flowers from August to September. The plants are hermaphroditic.

From summer to autumn the trees produce an abundance of ornamental brown legumes that are persistent on the plant.

Root System

Distribution

Albizia julibrissin is native to Iran, Pakistan, the Himalaya, Central China and Japan and is naturalized in the Southeast of the US.

Cultivation

The trees prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy, sandy clay, loamy clay or peaty and comparatively poor with a pH between 4,8 and 7,3. The plants need a soil depth of at least 76 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -12°C (USDA zone 8) and need a frost-free period of at least 29 weeks.

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • low: soil salinity, anaerobic soil
  • medium: drought
  • high: calcareous soil

Uses

The ornamental value of Albizia julibrissin lies especially in the ornamental leaves. Suited as avenue tree.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants can be considered rather high-maintenance.

Propagate by sowing.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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